Luxembourg has the lowest pay gap between men and women in the EU with 5.5%. The EU average is 16.3%.
According to the European Commission, “the gender pay gap is the difference in average gross hourly wage between men and women across the economy. (…)
Across Member States, the gender pay gap varied by 21 percentage points, ranging from 5.5 % in Italy and Luxembourg to 26.9 % in Estonia. There are various reasons for the existence and size of a gender pay gap and they may differ strongly between Member States, e.g. kind of jobs held by women, consequences of breaks in career or part-time work due to childbearing, decisions in favour of family life, etc. Moreover, the proportion of women working and their characteristics differ significantly between countries, particularly because of institutions and attitudes governing the balance between private and work life which impact on the careers and thus the pay of women.”