147 facts about Luxembourg

Keep reading if you want to get to know some interesting facts, figures and statistics about the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. 

Categories include:

  • Demography
  • Geography
  • History
  • Work
  • Consumption
  • Transport
  • Sports
  • Attitude
  • Random


Did you know how multicultural and cosmopolitan the Grand Duchy is? Do you know how many languages Luxembourg residents speak, how many people get married and when, what the life expectancy is? How tall are people in Luxembourg? Are they considered obese?

  1. On 1st January 2016, Luxembourg had a population of 576 2949. On 1st January 2017, 590 667 inhabitants were counted in the country.
  2. In 100 years, Luxembourg’s population has almost doubled from about 260 000 in 1910 to over 500 000 in 2010.
  3. Luxembourg’s population may double to 1.2 million by 2060.
  4. Luxembourg City was never a large city: there were 5,000 people in the 14th century, 8,500 in the 18th century, 46,500 World War I.
  5. 45.3 % of the population living in Luxembourg are foreigners (2014).
  6. 172 nationalities are represented in the whole country (2014).
  7.  In Luxembourg City, 164 different nationalities are represented.
  8. 90 754 Portuguese live in Luxembourg, representing 16.5% of the population and 36.5% of the foreign population (2014).
  9. In 2017, for the first time since the 1960s, there were fewer Portuguese than French people arriving in Luxembourg.
  10. The average person speaks 3.6 languages in Luxembourg. It is the EU country where people speak the most languages.
  11. 85% of Luxembourg residents between 25 and 64 years old speak at least 3 languages.
  12. The Top 10 most populated municipalities in Luxembourg are: Luxembourg-City, Esch-sur-Alzette, Differdange, Dudelange, Pétange, Sanem, Hesperange, Bettembourg, Schifflange and Käerjeng.
  13. In 2016, there were 6050 births and 3967 deaths.
  14. In 2016, there were 1 884 marriages and 1 241 divorces.
  15. There were 65 same sex marriages in 2016.
  16. Women marry younger than men. The average age at first marriage nevertheless continues to increase for both sexes. Most women these days marry when they are between 24 and 29 years old, whereas many men wait until they are between 30 and 34 years old.
  17. The life expectancy is 84,8 years for women and 80,2 for men.
  18. The oldest person in Luxembourg died in 2013 and was 110 years old.
  19. The average height of people in Luxembourg is 177,9 cm (28th place worldwide).
  20. The average age at first birth for mothers is 30.2 (2012).
  21. There were 1.4 births per woman in 2016.
  22. In 2016, there were 236 pregnancies with twins and 3 pregnancies with triplets.
  23. 23% of the population aged 15 or over were considered obese in 2012 (BMI greater than 30).
  24. 15% of women smoke and 5,6% drink alcohol during their pregnancy.
  25. 15,9 % of Luxembourg’s population was considered as being at risk of falling below the poverty line in 2013.
  26. In Luxembourg, the total prison population was 691 on 31 December 2015.
  27. In 2016, there were 1683 practicing physicians in Luxembourg (505 general practitioners and 1178 specialists). That’s 2.9 per 1000 inhabitants.
  28. Luxembourg has the youngest farmers in the EU.


You probably know that Luxembourg is one of the smaller countries in the world but did you know how long, how large, how big its territory is? What do you know about the weather in the Grand Duchy? Do you know where the highest point in the country is?

  1. Luxembourg is one of the smallest countries in the world with a surface of 2 586 km2 (168th of 195 countries).
  2. The “Eisleck” region has 828 km2 and the “Gutland” region has 1758 km2.
  3. Kneiff, a hill in the commune of Troisvierges, in northern Luxembourg is the highest point in the country at 560 metres.
  4. The length of Luxembourg’s border is 356km, 148 with Belgium, 135 with Germany and 73 with France.
  5. The average yearly temperature is 9,6°C.
  6. The highest temperature ever measured was 37.9° in August 2003 (weather records began in 1947).
  7. 85,1% of Luxembourg’s total land is an agricultural and wooded area. 9,8% is a built-up area, of which 3,1% are industrial. 4,5% are road-net, railway-networks, etc. and 0,6% are waterbody or watercourses.
  8. Vineyards cover roughly 3 200 acres (1 300 hectares), which lie on the banks of the Moselle river and its affluents.


Do you know what the name “Luxembourg” means? What are the roots of the Luxembourgish language? Did you know that Schengen is in Luxembourg? What’s up with the Golden Lady (“Gëlle Fra”)? Since when is there a “Schueberfouer”? 

  1. The name Luxembourg was first mentioned in 963 when count Siegfried exchanged lands for a small fortified castle by the name of Lucilinburhuc, which is synonymous with small fortress.
  2. Luxembourg has been an independent sovereign state since the Treaty of London was signed on 19 April 1839.
  3. The fortress of Luxembourg was erected on the orders of Count Sigefroi in the second half of the 10th century and dismantled in 1867.
  4. The flag of Luxembourg consists of three horizontal stripes, red, white and blue. It was first used between 1845 and 1848 and officially adopted on June 23, 1972.
  5. Luxembourgish language is a  Moselle-Franconian dialect of the West Middle German group that has been enriched by many French words and phrases.
  6. “Ons Heemecht”, with music by Jean Antoine Zinnen and lyrics by Michel Lentz, is Luxembourg’s official national anthem. The words date back to 1859, with the music added to the poem in 1864.
  7. The song “De Feierwon” by Michel Lentz gave birth to Luxembourg’s motto “Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sin” (We want to remain what we are), which is the final verse of the song’s chorus.
  8. The current constitution of Luxembourg dates from 17 October 1868. Since then, it has been revised multiple times. It is composed of 121 articles.
  9. The Schengen Agreement was signed on 14 June 1985 and is a treaty which led to the creation of Europe’s Schengen Area, in which internal border checks have largely been abolished.
  10. Luxembourg is an EU member country since 1958 and member of the Eurozone since 1999.
  11. The number of Luxembourgers who left the country between 1841 and 1891 is thought to be more than 72 000 (out of a total population of 212 800 inhabitants in 1891).
  12. A piece written by the conductor of Luxembourg’s military band has been adopted as Nato’s first official hymn.
  13. For Christmas, is not Father Christmas who brings gifts for Luxembourgish kids, but d’”Chrëschtkëndchen” (infant Jesus).
  14. Every year on 6 December, children throughout the Grand Duchy eagerly await the arrival of the Kleeschen (St Nicholas) and the gifts he brings.
  15. In 1960 the number of banking establishments was 17. That number has grown to 218 by 1994. In 2017, there were still 142 banks in Luxembourg.
  16. Luxembourg’s Golden Lady (“Gëlle Fra”) was “initially meant to commemorate the fallen Luxembourgish soldiers who volunteered in the French army during World War I. However, it also turned into a memorial against Nazi rule and nowadays commemorates war victims in general.
  17. In 1909, Belval’s steelwork carried out every stage in the production of steel. In 1913, more than 3000 steelworkers produced 400,000 tonnes of cast iron, 360,000 tonnes of steel and 297,000 of rolled products.
  18. Echternach is the oldest town in Luxembourg. It grew around the walls of the Abbey of Echternach, which was founded in 698 by the English monk St.Willibrord.
  19. In 1986, the international Charlemagne prize of Aachen was extraordinarily awarded to the people of Luxembourg. Since 1950, this prize is given to outstanding personalities who are committed to the European unification process. Former Prime Ministers Joseph Bech (1960) and Jean-Claude Juncker (2006) have also received the award.
  20. John the Blind, King of Bohemia and Count of Luxembourg founded the funfair Schueberfouer on the 20th of October 1340.


Most people know that there are a lot of cross-border workers and expats in Luxembourg. What else do you know about working in the Grand Duchy? Who are the biggest employers? Are people often missing work due to illness? 

  1. Luxembourg employees have highest hourly wages in Europe.
  2. 32.9 is the number of years an average person can expect to work.
  3. Luxembourg ranks 10th (of 64 countries) for its ability to attract and sustain talent.
  4. 44% of the work-force were cross-border workers in 2012.
  5. The proportion of women in work in Luxembourg has increased significantly: from 42.9% in 1983 to 76.5% in 2012. The gap between the figures for women and men (91.6% of men in the 25 to 49 years age bracket are in work) is one of the largest in Europe.
  6. Luxembourg has the lowest pay gap between men and women in the EU with 5.5%. The EU average is 16.3%.
  7. In 2015, 650 843 certificates of incapacity for work due to illness or accident were issued.
  8. In 2016, the biggest employers in Luxembourg were POST Group (4320), Arcelor Mittal (4180), Cactus (4060) and CFL Group (4040).
  9. There are approximately 20.000 people working in the HORECA (HOtels, REstaurants, CAfés) sector. There are around 2.700 companies employing these people.
  10. Teachers in Luxembourg have the highest salary in the world after Israël (2012).
  11. 51% of teachers are extremely satisfied or very satisfied with their professional situation.
  12. Luxembourg is worst in EU on percentage of female scientists.


How rich are people in Luxembourg? How much money are they making on average? What are they consuming and how much? How much does an apartment or a house cost in the Grand Duchy? Are there good restaurants? Do Luxembourg residents spend a lot on alcohol?

  1. 0,1 % of the richest people on the planet live in Luxembourg.
  2. Luxembourg counts some 725 ultra-rich residents, with a net worth of at least 30 million USD to their name. Combined, they hold a fortune of 125 billion USD (2014).
  3. In 2014, Luxembourg had the highest proportion of millionaire households in Europe: 22.7% of households owned a net worth of more than 1 million €.
  4. In 2015, the mean disposable income per hoousehold was 5 363€.
  5. In 2016, GDP per capita in the Grand Duchy was nearly 260% higher than the EU average of €29,200.
  6. In Europe, Luxembourg is ranked first in terms of GDP purchasing power per inhabitant.
  7. People in Luxembourg make the highest withdrawals on average of any EU country.
  8. The currency between 1854 and 1999 (except during the period 1941-1944) was the Luxembourgish franc. It remained in circulation until 2002, when it was replaced by the Euro.
  9. You have to pay 758 535€ on average for a house and 491 029 € for an apartment. The average per month for renting is 2 587€ for a house and 1 429€ for an apartment.
  10. Luxembourg City is the most expensive city in Europe to rent a house or an apartment. Dublin is the second most expensive.
  11. Since the creation of the label “Made in Luxembourg” in 1984, 880 companies have been authorized to label specific products and services of Luxembourgish origin.
  12. In 2014, for the first time in the history of Luxembourg, there were more restaurants (1.341) than bars (1.143) in the Grand Duchy.
  13. In 2015, Luxembourg had 11 restaurants with a Michelin star, awarded for outstanding quality.
  14. In 2018, there were 12 Michelin-starred restaurants in Luxembourg. Mosconi is the only one distinguished by two stars (2018).
  15. Luxembourg generates, on average, 123 kilos of food waste per person each year.
  16. On average, a Luxembourg resident spends 760€ per year on alcohol.
  17. Luxembourg consumes twice as much alcohol per year as the world average – 11.9 litres of pure alcohol, the equivalent of roughly 500 bottles of beer.
  18. Next to the three traditional brewing companies in Luxembourg (Bofferding/Battin, Diekirch, Simon), there are a couple of micro-breweries that have emerged in recent years and now form a small market for artisan beers: Clausel, Okult, Den Heischter, Ourdaller, Béierhaascht, etc.
  19. In an international ranking of beer prices, Luxembourg City placed 47th out of 75 cities around the world. In Europe it was the 10th most expensive for beer prices at bars.
  20. 74% of Luxembourg’s residents are used to drinking wine.
  21. The most varieties of wine commercially available was 1746 at the Restaurant Chiggeri in Luxembourg City when counted on 31 December 2008.
  22. Smoking has been prohibited since 2006 in restaurants and since 2014 in pubs, cafes and clubs.
  23. In Luxembourg, 23,6% of persons 15 years and older are smoking.
  24. 76% of people in Luxembourg used internet banking in 2017.
  25. The percentage of Internet users that shop online has risen from 59% to 82% between 2007 and 2017.
  26. Luxembourg’s national lottery recorded 101.5 million euros in sales in 2017.
  27. The average household consumption in Luxembourg is: 34,95% for home, water, electricity, 13,98% for mobility, 8,71% for food and non alcoholic drinks, 8,47% for other products and services, 8,28% for hotels, bars and restaurants, 6,94% for leisure and culture, 6,29% for home maintenance, 5,36% for clothes and shoes, 2,52% for communications, 2,40% for health, 1,32% for alcohol, 0,78% for education.
  28. In 2014, tourists from Luxembourg spent the most per trip abroad (800€), followed by Belgian (619€), Maltese (616€) and Austrian tourists (608€).
  29. There were 141 banks in Luxembourg in 2016.


How is the traffic in Luxembourg? Are there a lot of traffic jams? What car brands are they driving? Are there a lot of accidents? How is public transport? Is there an airport?

  1. In Luxembourg, the car is the most popular form of transport with 69%.
  2. Luxembourg has the highest number of cars per inhabitant in the EU (672 per 1000).
  3. 150 driving licences were withdrawn per month in 2017.
  4. Drivers in Luxembourg City spent an average of 33 hours in traffic jams in 2016.
  5. 536,489 drivers were flashed by Luxembourg fixed speed cameras in first two years of operation.
  6. The number of electric and hybrid vehicles sold in Luxembourg more than tripled from 2016 to 2017.
  7. 58% of Luxembourg’s residents would exchange their current car against an electric one.
  8. In 2015, 36 people lost their lives on Luxembourg’s roads. The main causes were excessive speed and driving drunk.
  9. Luxembourg’s best-selling cars of 2017 were Volkswagen, BMW, Mercedes, Audi, Renault, Peugeot, Ford, Opel, Skoda and Hyundai.
  10. In 2016, Volkswagen was also the best selling car brand in Luxembourg, followed by BMW, Audi and Renault (January-June 2016).
  11. The new tram in Luxembourg was officially launched on 10th December 2017.
  12. By the time Luxembourg’s tram network is completed in 2021, some 1,975 out of 3,753 buses journeys per day will no longer pass through the capital.
  13. Luxembourg’s police is going to use two Tesla Model S as patrol vehicles.
  14. In 2016, Luxembourg’s Findel Airport was the 94th most frequented in the EU with 2.98 million passengers.
  15. Luxembourg Airport welcomed 2.69 million passengers in 2015. Luxair transported the most customers with 1.69 million or 62.9% market share.


  1. Gilles Müller (Tennis) and Christine Majerus (Cycling) won the Sportsperson of the Year Award in 2017.
  2. Differdange was awarded the European City of Sports 2018 title.
  3. In November 2017, Luxembourg’s soccer team moved up to 84th in the FIFA world rankings.
  4. Only two athletes from Luxembourg won medals in the Summer Olympics: weightlifter Joseph Alzin (silver in 1920) and runner Josy Barthel (gold in 1952).
  5. Four cyclists from Luxembourg have won the Tour de France: Francois Faber (1909), Nicolas Frantz (1927 and 1928), Charly Gaul (1958) and Andy Schleck (2010).
  6. 10 athletes competed for Luxembourg in the 2016 Olympic games (Rio de Janeiro).


  1. 72% of Luxembourg residents are optimistic for the future of the EU.
  2.  97% of residents in Luxembourg are happy living in the European Union.
  3. In Luxembourg, 25% think that Religion plays an important role.


Some random facts about Luxembourg.

  1. A family from Luxembourg bought a Spanish island for 18 million €.
  2. A resident submitted a petition to Luxembourg government for the construction of a Death Star. The fictitious space station, which features in Star Wars films, is 160 km in diameter with 357 internal levels.
  3. 61% of residents have visited a museum or a gallery in the last 12 months.
  4. 86.1% of individuals have basic or above basic digital skills.
  5. There were 380 tons of dead leaves gathered in Luxembourg City between October and December 2016.
  6. The top baby names from 2014 to 2016 were Emma, Mia and Lara for girls and Gabriel, Luca and Noah for boys.
  7. The number of reports to Luxembourg’s financial crimes unit (CRF) rose by 179% from 2015 to 2016 with 30,710 suspicious financial operations reported.
  8. On the 27 August 1995, the Rolling Stones came to Luxembourg and performed in Kirchberg in front of 60,000 fans.
  9. The band Depeche Mode released a song called “Oberkorn (It’s a small Town)”, which refers to the town in Luxembourg, as a B-side o their 1982 single “The Meaning of Love”.
  10. Luxembourg’s Eldoradio celebrated its 25th birthday in 2017.
  11. Luxembourg has won the Eurovision Song Contest 5 times and participated a total of 37 times. Since 1994, the country has not participated in the contest.
  12. Esch-sur-Alzette will be the European Capital of Culture in 2022.
  13. The Grand Duchy is the first European country to offer a legal framework on the exploration and use of space resources.
  14. 92% of internet users revealed personal data on the web in 2016.
  15. 79% of Luxembourg’s residents use Facebook. 26% use Instagram and 24% have a Snapchat account. 15% don’t use any social networks (2017).
  16. 36.434 people didn’t vote in the 2017 municipal elections even though voting is compulsory for all those registered on the electoral roll.
  17. Girsterklaus is a village in the east of Luxembourg with a church, cemetery, café, and a postbox for only 11 inhabitants.
  18. 6000 students will get an iPad by the state in the school year 2018.
  19. 85% of Luxembourg residents between 25 and 64 years old speak at least 3 languages.
  20. In the last 25 years, the army has participated in 2200 mission abroad.
  21. 23% of Luxembourg’s residents have a tattoo. For people under 25, this number goes up to 48%.
  22. Luxembourg bookstore chain Ernster has won a Guinness World Record for the largest book pyramid, built from 63 377 hardcovers and paperbacks.
  23. In 2014, Mr Hublot took home the Oscar for Best Short Animation film, the first for Luxembourg.
  24. University of Luxembourg ranked 14th among young universities and 193rd in the overall 2015-2016 world rankings.
  25. The most common name in Luxembourg is Schmit, followed by Müller, Weber and Hoffmann.
  26. Luxembourg is the only Grand Duchy in the world.

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